Some of the hereditary disorders you should know about!!

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Some of the hereditary disorders you should know about!!

Genetic disorders

Did you know that even if we do not have genetic conditions, we can pass them on to our children? We just need to be carriers to transfer these genes to our children. In other words, even if we haven’t experienced symptoms, our children are at risk of acquiring the illness if we are carriers. If a mistake happens during fetal development, we can get genetic disorders even if neither parent is a carrier.

We will look at some examples of hereditary illnesses and how they might transfer down across generations in this post.

If you don’t know what a genetic disorder is, then it is a disorder that occurs when one or more genes mutate during fetal development.

 

What is the distinction between inherited and genetic disorders?

Genetic disorders

Hereditary illnesses do not always manifest symptoms at birth. Congenital ones, however, do. Genetic illnesses are the result of changes in one or more genes and might be familial or not.

Hereditary diseases are those that have a genetic basis, meaning they are a result of a change in one or more chromosomes and pass to the next generations. Symptoms may not appear immediately after delivery.

 

Symptoms and examples of various genetic illnesses

  • Achondroplasia

In Achondroplasia, cartilage does not grow correctly, which causes sufferers to have short limbs, macrocephaly, and small height, which averages 130cm in males and 124cm in women.

Genetic disorders

 

  • The Marfan syndrome

This disorder affects the connective tissue, specifically the blood vessels, heart, eyes, and skeleton. Marfan syndrome symptoms vary between people, even within the same household, and can range from minor to extreme.

 

  • Sickle-cell anemia

Sickle cell illness alters the structure and capacity of red blood cells to deliver oxygen.

Red blood cells are normally spherical, but in patients with this genetic condition, they have a crescent form, leading the red blood cells to cling together and obstruct the tiny blood capillaries. This might result in discomfort and injury to parts where blood cannot reach.

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